BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT
The Russian Federation opened up its market and joined
the global market oriented economy. The embedding into international economic
and political environment requires adoptation of the common institutional
forms and practices resulting from globalization influences. But this
trend, concurrent with the continued institution building that determine
the character of political activity, set the patterns of interaction between
domestic groups of actors, shape their strategies and regulations, will
be the reality of the next decade. At the present time institution building
is weak in Russia in comparison with many European countries. Today, it
is urgent to solve the problems related to the reformation of the most
significant groups of institutions such as the Institution of innovation
development, the Institution of property evaluation, the Institution of
corporate governance and Banking system which are the prospective fields
of economic development of Russia.
The development of market relations in Russia requires widening the range
of evaluation activity and improving of its independent and internal application
mechanisms. As a result the issues of organization's assets evaluation
and business evaluation in general are becoming pressing. But the lack
of necessary skills and experience of Russian managers in field of property
evaluation, in questions of practical use of evaluation methodology, the
lack of knowledge of approahes to assets ans business evaluation and making
business decisions aimed at property cost increase are the evidence of
the necessity of the institution of property evaluation development. Advanced
training of professional appraisers would contribute a lot into evaluation
activity strenthening in Russia.
The economic development of Russia depends a lot on the effective innovation
policy. The lack of skills and knowledge in the sphere of marketing and
commercialization of innovations, the lack of interaction between local
authorities, scientific and business circles donít allow to use completely
scientific and technological potential of our countries for social and
Development of training courses for specialists from organizations participating
in innovation processes would provide trainees with necessary knowledge
of innovation management, finance, economics, set up a base for interregional
and international relations development in innovation sphere and contribute
to integration in the world economic arena.
The economic and social development of a country is impossible without
effective and stable functioning of Banking system. The specific character
of Russian Banking system as an Institute of market economy is defined
by short time of its development, conditions of its formation and peculiarities
of market economy functioning which is not formed yet. Transition from
the Banking system which served the planned economy to a new one which
should correspond to the working market mechanism was carried out during
a short period of time. The lack of highly qualified specialists of operating
and senior level in the bank management hinders the application of banking
system potential as the Institute of Market economy in full. Improvement
of Higher School educational system in banking specialization including
training and retraining Banking organizations personnel seems to be the
only possible way out of such an unpleasant situation on a macro level.
Thus, gaining new knowledge in the sphere of internal banks processes
reorganization, upgrading of approaches to control systems forming (including
corporate risk management, internal control system), business planning,
organizational structures and banking procedures will contribute to the
present Banking system entering new qualitative level of its development
and to its integration into the world economic community.
Necessary condition for market economy formation is the becoming and development
of a corporate sector which is represented by large and medium enterprises
of industry, agriculture, trade, energy and banking. Specialists in the
sphere of corporate management who have considerable knowledge background
in economics and management should manage such enterprises. There are
many vacancies for top managers in employment agencies and at enterprises.
But at the same time there is shortage of such specialists in Russia.
The lack of top managers is the constraint of economics development. The
delivery of special training courses for practitioners advanced training
would countribute a lot into the corporate sector development.
Thus, the development of these institutions as guiding principles, norms
and rules will promote the establishment of law and market oriented economy
Partner Universities try to keep an eye on the latest changes of the labour-market
and to study the demand for specialists. They know that highly ualified
specialists in sphere of innovation management, evaluation activity, corporate
governance and banking management are in strong demand. But, unfortunately,
the main part of practitioners of Russian enterprises was educated in
the Soviet period of planned-commanded economy and is not able to realize
business activity in new market conditions effectively. In this connection
it is crucially important to retrain and to enhance professional skills
of entrepreneurs and practitioners of Russia according to European standards.
But the lack of proper training courses doesnít allow providing professional
support to the development of institution structures of Russia. At the
same time the implementation of the proposed project coincides with the
development strategies of partner Universities. Their potential including
substantional material resourses, experience in sphere of updating the
qualification of practitioners and existing Centres of Further (long life)
Education may be used for Centres of Institution Building establishment
with the purpose of development and delivery of special training courses
for mature specialists who are employed in sphere of innovation management,
evaluation activity, corporate governance and Banking system. Non-acadenic
partners incuded in the Consortium will provide the interaction with organizations
which staff will be the trainees of newly developed special training courses
and render assistance in recruiting new trainees.
Meantime the situation in Russian system of higher education substantially
differs from European standards. Due to the lack of two level training
and the lack of module system it is rather complicated to adapt educational
methodologies and approaches to European models of education.
Educational experience of European Universities could contribute a lot
into implementation of this Project.
Under these circumstances project proposal to develop special training
courses for the purpose of updating the qualification of mature specialists
came into being.